Burrows, J.A., Harvey, J.T., Newton, K.M., Croll, D.A., Benson, S.R. 2012. Marine mammal response to interannual variability in Monterey Bay, California. Marine Ecology Progress Series 461: 257-271.
Cammen, K., J.I. Hoffman, L.A. Knapp, J. Harwood & W. Amos. 2011. Geographic variation of the major histocompatibility complex in Eastern Atlantic grey seals (Halichoerus grypus). Molecular Ecology, 20, 740-752.
Bossart, G., M. Peden-Adams, T. Romano, C. Rice, P. Fair, J. Goldstein, K. Cammen & J. Reif. 2008. Hematological, biochemical and immunological findings in Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) with orogenital papillomas. Aquatic Mammals, 34, 166-177.
Domínguez, H., V. Rivas, A. Mateo, & A. Voss. 2010. Plan de Conservación del Santuario de Mamíferos Marinos Estero Hondo. TNC/CIBIMA. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. 119p.
Prior to beginning my doctoral studies at Duke, my Master’s Degree research focused on the spatio-temporal variation in dwarf sperm whale habitat use and group size off of Abaco Island in the Bahamas. I also conducted research in the seagrass ecosystem of Shark Bay, Western Australia to study the non-lethal effects of tiger sharks on multiple prey species (dolphins, marine turtles, dugongs, stingrays, cormorants, sea snakes). Additionally, I carried out research in the Florida Everglades to study factors driving the distribution of bull sharks. I am currently analyzing data from a laboratory experiment to study the influence of diving behavior under the risk of predation.
Dunphy-Daly, M.M., M.R. Heithaus, A.J. Wirsing, J.S.F. Mardon & D.A. Burkholder. 2010. Predation risk influences the diving behavior of a marine mesopredator. Open Ecology Journal. 3:8-15.
Heithaus, M.R., B.K. Delius, A.J. Wirsing & M.M. Dunphy-Daly. 2010. Physical factors influencing the distribution of a top predator in a subtropical oligotrophic estuary, Limnology and Oceanography. 54(2):472-482.
Dunphy-Daly, M.M., M.R. Heithaus & D.E. Claridge. 2008. Temporal variation in dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima) habitat use and group size off Great Abaco Island, Bahamas. Marine Mammal Science. 24:171-182.
Scheidler, L.C., M.M. Dunphy-Daly, B.J. White, D.R. Andrew, N.Z. Mans & M.C. Garvin. 2006. Survey of Ochlerotatus triseriatus (Diptera: Cilicidae) for LaCrosse encephalitis virus and West Nile virus in Lorain County Ohio. Journal of Medical Entomology. 43(3) (2006):589-593.
I received my B.S. in Zoology from Duke back when big hair, shoulder pads, and Duran Duran were popular. After a few years, when Pearl Jam and Seinfeld were all the rage, I earned my Master’s degree from the Florida Institute of Technology. My thesis focused on Florida manatee milk composition, growth rates, and suckling behavior. I then worked as a government biologist (state and federal) for over a decade, and volunteered as an environmental grassroots organizer. Most of my experiences lie in the field of marine mammal research and conservation and my career path has focused at the nexus between the science and policy of marine mammal protection in the U.S. Now, I would like to further explore this marine science-policy interface by evaluating U.S. regulations designed to protect marine mammals from accidental capture or entanglement in fishing gear, called bycatch.
My doctoral dissertation will examine the effectiveness of a multi-stakeholder advisory group (called a Take Reduction Team) and the negotiated agreement created by this group (called a Take Reduction Plan) to protect marine mammals from fisheries bycatch.
Ultimately, I would like to assist government biologists and natural resource managers by working as a respected scientist who can effectively communicate with decision-makers, who feels equally comfortable in scientific meetings and briefings with legislators, and who can bridge the natural and social sciences seamlessly. I hope to bring about change by holistically combining science, environmental policy, and politics.
Lewison, R. L., C. U. Soykan, T. Cox, H. Peckham, N. Pilcher, N. LeBoeuf, S. McDonald, J. Moore, C. Safina, L.B. Crowder. Accepted. Ingredients for addressing the challenges of fisheries bycatch. Bulletin of Marine Science.
Wallace, B., R. Lewison, S. McDonald, et al. 2010. Global patterns of marine turtle bycatch. Conservation Letters. 3(3):131-142.
Moore, J.E., T.M. Cox, R.L. Lewison, A.J. Read, R. Bjorkland, S.L. McDonald, L.B. Crowder, E. Aruna, I. Ayissi, P. Espeut, C. Joynson-Hicks, N. Pilcher, C. Poonian, B. Solarin & J. Kiszka. 2010. An interview-based approach for triaging marine mammal and sea turtle captures in artisanal fisheries. Biological Conservation. 143: 795-805.
Sorice, M.C., R.O. Flamm & S.L. McDonald. 2007. Factors influencing behavior in a boating speed zone. Coastal Management. 35:357–374.
McDonald, S.L. & R.O. Flamm. 2006. A regional assessment of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) and the Caloosahatchee River, Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission FWRI Technical Report TR-10, p.1-52.
Young, N.M. & S.L. Shapiro. 2001. United States federal legislation governing marine mammals in Dierauf, L. and Gulland, F., eds. 2001. CRC handbook of marine mammal medicine, 2nd edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
I previously received a B.S. in Marine Biology from the University of California Santa Cruz. Prior to beginning graduate studies at Duke, I worked with the Protected Species Branch at the NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center in Woods Hole, MA. I was involved in several passive acoustic monitoring projects, primarily investigating the effects of anthropogenic ocean noise on marine mammal communication, as well as an independent project using acoustic localization methods to study the movement patterns of singing humpback whales. In addition, I participated on shipboard cetacean abundance surveys in both the Atlantic and Pacific, using a towed hydrophone array to collect real-time recordings of cetacean vocalizations, which can help inform visual abundance estimates.
Prior to starting my PhD at Duke I worked for both the Steller Sea Lion and Hawaiian Monk Seal programs at NOAA, and obtained a MS degree from Western Washington University. My Master’s degree research focused on the diving behavior of harbor seals in the San Juan Islands, WA. I looked at fine scale variations in dive behavior between haul-out sites and how these seals portioned their home ranges and core areas for foraging.
Wilson, K., L. Fritz, E. Kunisch, K. Chumbley & D. Johnson. 2011. Effects of research disturbance on the behavior and abundance of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) at two rookeries in Alaska. Marine Mammal Science. 27: no. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00485.x
I am currently a Masters student studying Coastal Environmental Management at Duke University’s Nicholas School of the Environment. My project is the creation and development of The Nai’a Guide, a mobile app to serve as an ecological conscious for tourists seeking to responsibly experience Hawaiian spinner dolphins. The app will provide educational information about the dolphins and make methods for conservation accessible to all.
Prior to my start at Duke, I received a BS in Biological Science from Florida State University. I have worked as an Education Intern at Mote Marine Laboratory, an Imperiled Species Management Intern at the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and a Research Intern at the Whale Center of New England.
I feel incredibly lucky to have the opportunity to pursue what I think is most important: protecting the oceans and their species and encouraging others to take steps in doing the same. With new ideas, new tools, and new methods for peaceful coexistence with the animals that share our home, I hope to convey the urgency that is necessary to make a change. A better understanding of the animals and the ecosystems is essential for companies and individuals to be able to make more informed decisions and better ensure healthy populations and a healthy environment into the future.
Prior to attending Duke, I received a Bachelors of Science in Environmental Science from the University of Arizona, Tucson. At the U of A I taught biology labs and worked in species abundance distribution and environmental bacteriology.
I graduated from Ithaca College in 2008 with my BS in Biology. Before starting my Masters, I spent 2 1/2 years at Mystic Aquarium in Connecticut – first as a marine mammal stranding intern, and then full time in fish and invertebrate husbandry, taking care of sharks, stingrays and sea turtles. I spent this past summer at the Marine Mammal Center in California, coordinating stranding rescues.
Bilateral Ocular Abnormalities in a Wild Stranded Harp Seal (Phoca groenlandica) Suggestive of Anterior Segment Dysgenesis and Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous. C. Erlacher, C.M.H. Colitz, K. Abrams, A. Smith, and A.D. Tuttle; Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42(2): 300–303