Burrows, J.A., Harvey, J.T., Newton, K.M., Croll, D.A., Benson, S.R. 2012. Marine mammal response to interannual variability in Monterey Bay, California. Marine Ecology Progress Series 461: 257-271.
Soulen, B.K.*, Cammen, K.*, Schultz, T.F., Johnston, D.W. (2013). Factors affecting harp seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus) strandings in the Northwest Atlantic. PLoS ONE 8(7): e68779. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068779. *authors contributed equally to this manuscript
Cammen, K., J.I. Hoffman, L.A. Knapp, J. Harwood & W. Amos. 2011. Geographic variation of the major histocompatibility complex in Eastern Atlantic grey seals (Halichoerus grypus). Molecular Ecology, 20, 740-752.
Bossart, G., M. Peden-Adams, T. Romano, C. Rice, P. Fair, J. Goldstein, K. Cammen & J. Reif. 2008. Hematological, biochemical and immunological findings in Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) with orogenital papillomas. Aquatic Mammals, 34, 166-177.
Domínguez, H., V. Rivas, A. Mateo, & A. Voss. 2010. Plan de Conservación del Santuario de Mamíferos Marinos Estero Hondo. TNC/CIBIMA. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana. 119p.
Prior to beginning my doctoral studies at Duke, my Master’s Degree research focused on the spatio-temporal variation in dwarf sperm whale habitat use and group size off of Abaco Island in the Bahamas. I also conducted research in the seagrass ecosystem of Shark Bay, Western Australia to study the non-lethal effects of tiger sharks on multiple prey species (dolphins, marine turtles, dugongs, stingrays, cormorants, sea snakes). Additionally, I carried out research in the Florida Everglades to study factors driving the distribution of bull sharks. I am currently analyzing data from a laboratory experiment to study the influence of diving behavior under the risk of predation.
You can read more about my research on my website.
Heithaus, M.R., J.J. Vaudo, S. Kreicker, C.A. Layman, M. Krützen, D.A. Burkholder, K. Gastrich, C. Bessey, R. Sarabia, K. Cameron, A. Wirsing, J.A. Thomson, and M.M. Dunphy-Daly. 2013. Apparent resource partitioning and trophic structure of large-bodied marine predators in a relatively pristine seagrass ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series 481: 225-237.
Roman, J., I. Altman, M.M. Dunphy-Daly, C. Campbell, M. Jansey, and A.J. Read. 2013. The Marine Mammal Protection Act at 40: status, recovery, and future of US marine mammals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences DOI 10.111/nyas.12040
Dunphy-Daly, M.M., M.R. Heithaus, A.J. Wirsing, J.S.F. Mardon & D.A. Burkholder. 2010. Predation risk influences the diving behavior of a marine mesopredator. Open Ecology Journal. 3:8-15.
Heithaus, M.R., B.K. Delius, A.J. Wirsing & M.M. Dunphy-Daly. 2010. Physical factors influencing the distribution of a top predator in a subtropical oligotrophic estuary, Limnology and Oceanography. 54(2):472-482.
Dunphy-Daly, M.M., M.R. Heithaus & D.E. Claridge. 2008. Temporal variation in dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima) habitat use and group size off Great Abaco Island, Bahamas. Marine Mammal Science. 24:171-182.
Scheidler, L.C., M.M. Dunphy-Daly, B.J. White, D.R. Andrew, N.Z. Mans & M.C. Garvin. 2006. Survey of Ochlerotatus triseriatus (Diptera: Cilicidae) for LaCrosse encephalitis virus and West Nile virus in Lorain County Ohio. Journal of Medical Entomology. 43(3) (2006):589-593.
I received my B.S. in Zoology from Duke back when big hair, shoulder pads, and Duran Duran were popular. After a few years, when Pearl Jam and Seinfeld were all the rage, I earned my Master’s degree from the Florida Institute of Technology. My thesis focused on Florida manatee milk composition, growth rates, and suckling behavior. I then worked as a government biologist (state and federal) for over a decade, and volunteered as an environmental grassroots organizer. Most of my experiences lie in the field of marine mammal research and conservation and my career path has focused at the nexus between the science and policy of marine mammal protection in the U.S. Now, I would like to further explore this marine science-policy interface by evaluating U.S. regulations designed to protect marine mammals from accidental capture or entanglement in fishing gear, called bycatch.
My doctoral dissertation will examine the effectiveness of a multi-stakeholder advisory group (called a Take Reduction Team) and the negotiated agreement created by this group (called a Take Reduction Plan) to protect marine mammals from fisheries bycatch.
Ultimately, I would like to assist government biologists and natural resource managers by working as a respected scientist who can effectively communicate with decision-makers, who feels equally comfortable in scientific meetings and briefings with legislators, and who can bridge the natural and social sciences seamlessly. I hope to bring about change by holistically combining science, environmental policy, and politics.
Lewison, R. L., C. U. Soykan, T. Cox, H. Peckham, N. Pilcher, N. LeBoeuf, S. McDonald, J. Moore, C. Safina, L.B. Crowder. Accepted. Ingredients for addressing the challenges of fisheries bycatch. Bulletin of Marine Science.
Wallace, B., R. Lewison, S. McDonald, et al. 2010. Global patterns of marine turtle bycatch. Conservation Letters. 3(3):131-142.
Moore, J.E., T.M. Cox, R.L. Lewison, A.J. Read, R. Bjorkland, S.L. McDonald, L.B. Crowder, E. Aruna, I. Ayissi, P. Espeut, C. Joynson-Hicks, N. Pilcher, C. Poonian, B. Solarin & J. Kiszka. 2010. An interview-based approach for triaging marine mammal and sea turtle captures in artisanal fisheries. Biological Conservation. 143: 795-805.
Sorice, M.C., R.O. Flamm & S.L. McDonald. 2007. Factors influencing behavior in a boating speed zone. Coastal Management. 35:357–374.
McDonald, S.L. & R.O. Flamm. 2006. A regional assessment of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) and the Caloosahatchee River, Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission FWRI Technical Report TR-10, p.1-52.
Young, N.M. & S.L. Shapiro. 2001. United States federal legislation governing marine mammals in Dierauf, L. and Gulland, F., eds. 2001. CRC handbook of marine mammal medicine, 2nd edition. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
I previously received a B.S. in Marine Biology from the University of California Santa Cruz. Prior to beginning graduate studies at Duke, I worked with the Protected Species Branch at the NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center in Woods Hole, MA. I was involved in several passive acoustic monitoring projects, primarily investigating the effects of anthropogenic ocean noise on marine mammal communication, as well as an independent project using acoustic localization methods to study the movement patterns of singing humpback whales. In addition, I participated on shipboard cetacean abundance surveys in both the Atlantic and Pacific, using a towed hydrophone array to collect real-time recordings of cetacean vocalizations, which can help inform visual abundance estimates.
Prior to starting my PhD at Duke I worked for both the Steller Sea Lion and Hawaiian Monk Seal programs at NOAA, and obtained a MS degree from Western Washington University. My Master’s degree research focused on the diving behavior of harbor seals in the San Juan Islands, WA. I looked at fine scale variations in dive behavior between haul-out sites and how these seals portioned their home ranges and core areas for foraging.
Wilson, K., L. Fritz, E. Kunisch, K. Chumbley & D. Johnson. 2011. Effects of research disturbance on the behavior and abundance of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) at two rookeries in Alaska. Marine Mammal Science. 27: no. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00485.x
In these many ways, the Nicholas School has prepared me for my future career. Not only do I plan to research marine mammals, but also to evaluate their social and environmental impacts. The Nicholas School has taught me that conservation cannot be attained by solely studying marine mammals. Conservation needs to integrate policy, economics, ecology, and society. Duke has taught me various skills in environmental science, and utilization of these skills in my future career will allow me to aid in our conservation efforts and contribute to the environment.
I am interested in the integration of science and policy for effective coastal management, specifically conservation issues involving sea turtles and climate change. I am also fascinated with human connections to the marine environment via aquariums and outreach.
My Master’s project is an economic and ecological analysis of sea level rise mitigation techniques on sea turtles in North Carolina. In a separate project, I am developing sea turtle habitat models along the southeast Atlantic coast as part of multi-institutional monitoring effort for the US Navy.
My passion for marine conservation began as a child on the beaches of South Padre Island, Texas but culminated during my first SCUBA dive in Fiji. A year later, I graduated from the University of Kansas with a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies and Global and International Studies. Since then, I have interned at Mote Marine Laboratory and Aquarium and the North Carolina Coastal Federation, both adept at communicating the importance of marine environments to the public.
Prior to starting at Duke, I received my BA in Biological Foundations of Behavior: Animal Behavior at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, PA. I have participated in marine mammal training internships at DolphinQuest Hawaii and The New England Aquarium. I have also interned and worked as a naturalist for the Whale Center of New England. It was during my time working as a naturalist, where I discovered my true passion for the natural marine world. I am fortunate to be able to further this passion by attending graduate school and continuing to focus on marine mammal conservation and management.